Friday, January 23, 2009

How to think logically in chess

I have been invited by Mr Hairul to write some chess articles on his blog. As this is the first time writing, I would like to have some comments from all of the visitors to express your thoughts about my writings and what should I write. Your opinion is much appreciated. My first article is how to think logically in chess in which I hope it will help amateurs to below 2200 FIDE rated players. The game before you is a classic match between Arthur Yusupov and Nigel Short.
Arthur Yusupov or sometimes spelt Jussupow was once known as one of the best players in the world of chess. His real name is Artur Mayakovich Yusupov.He learned to play chess at the age of six and trained at the Young Pioneers' Palace in Moscow. He was a winner of the World Junior Chess Championship in 1977. This was also the year that he gained the International Master title, qualification as a grandmaster following in 1980. Second place at his first USSR Championship in 1979 (behind Geller). International tournament results in the next decade included first place at Esbjerg 1980, first at Yerevan 1982, equal fourth at Linares 1983, first at the Tunis Interzonal 1985, equal first at Montpellier Candidates 1985, and third at Linares 1988. He also won the 1986 Canadian Open Chess Championship.
In the early nineties, he returned to his Moscow apartment one day and disturbed some burglars. During the struggle that broke out, he was shot and considers himself lucky to have survived. Soon after, he decided to move to Germany, which has remained his home ever since. (Wikipedia)
The game that I would like to show you is one of his game at 1989 World Cup Barcelona. This time the man that he disturbed was the great GM Nigel Short :) and he was unable to survive after being shot badly.

The last move executed was 31.Rxd5, a real disturbance. When playing a strong GM and sacrifice has been made on the board, you will certainly ask yourself have I done anything wrong or as in mamak style “Aiyoyo yennade!” Your heart starts pumping rapidly and staring at the board unbelievably with both eyes wide open. I have observed some players who just can’t handle this kind of situation and starts loosing his mind and what did he does, yes a counter sacrifice nah 31..Qxb3 which he believe that he has done something wrong and badly needs to complicate matters.
My advice is stay calm, you are not dead yet, be rational, ask yourself is there any defence to this attack. Sometimes when we attack, we are very tempting to execute the move without calculating all the consequences. Ok let’s start looking back at the game, 31.Rxd5 has been played. What was his plan? The Rook on e8 is pinned so the candidate move A) 31..Rxd5 is out. You must be very discipline when calculating moves, if you believe the variation you calculated will not work, do not return or you will run out of time (Ask Petak64 for his advice) B) 31..Bxd5 32.Qxd7 Bc6 33.Qd3 This is better, black is a pawn down but has some compensation due to the bishop pair. What else C) 31..Qb7 32.Rxd7 Bxd7 attacking the Queen and bishop on b3 33.Qc4 Be6 and black is a piece up.Hu huh! I’ve found the answer bam! 31..Qb7 played and the clock pressed and got frustrated even more when your opponent played with a huge confident 32.Rdd2! Mission accomplished return to base. This is another typical mistake that a chess player fell into it. Don’t you think?
The correct way to handle this situation is not to calculate, calculate and calculate. The late GM Eduard Gufeld once said “DO NOT CALCULAAAAAAAAAAATE!” First understand the situation; your e8 and d7 rooks need extra defender. White’s Rook is attacked by the Rook on d7 and the Bishop on e6 which is for now only defended by the Bishop on b3. The Bishop on b3 is attacked by your Queen and only defended by the white’s Queen on a4. Can we convert all these stuffs to our advantage? State your answer _____________________
First problem, your rook, ask yourself, what if I defend the rook on d7 with Red8. At the same time I’m still attacking both white’s Rook and Bishop. It looks nonsense at the first time but trust me, this is the right way to think not just to calculate like the monster FRITZ.
Ok, only now you start to calculate the consequences which is fairly easy 32.Rxd7 Bxd7 harassing the Queen, she runs to c4 33.Be6 and a piece up, finish 0-1. Till we meet again ..... thank you for your time.

Play simple but not simpler....................... Luth Mikael®

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